73. The colonists came to America for many reasons. Name one.

  • Freedom
  • Political liberty
  • Religious freedom
  • Economic opportunity
  • Escape persecution

74. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?*

  • American Indians
  • Native Americans

75. What group of people was taken and sold as slaves?

  • Africans
  • People from Africa

76. What war did the Americans fight to win independence from Britain?

  • American Revolution
  • The (American) Revolutionary War
  • War for (American) Independence

77. Name one reason why the Americans declared independence from Britain.

  • High taxes
  • Taxation without representation
  • British soldiers stayed in Americans’ houses (boarding, quartering)
  • They did not have self-government
  • Boston Massacre
  • Boston Tea Party (Tea Act)
  • Stamp Act
  • Sugar Act
  • Townshend Acts
  • Intolerable (Coercive) Acts

78. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?*

  • (Thomas) Jefferson

79. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

  • July 4, 1776

80. The American Revolution had many important events. Name one.

  • (Battle of) Bunker Hill
  • Declaration of Independence
  • Washington Crossing the Delaware (Battle of Trenton)
  • (Battle of) Saratoga
  • Valley Forge (Encampment)
  • (Battle of) Yorktown (British surrender at Yorktown)

81. There were 13 original states. Name five.

  • New Hampshire
  • Massachusetts
  • Rhode Island
  • Connecticut
  • New York
  • New Jersey
  • Pennsylvania
  • Delaware
  • Maryland
  • Virginia
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Georgia

82. What founding document was written in 1787?

  • (U.S.) Constitution

83. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

  • (James) Madison
  • (Alexander) Hamilton
  • (John) Jay
  • Publius

84. Why were the Federalist Papers important?

  • They helped people understand the (U.S.) Constitution.
  • They supported passing the (U.S.) Constitution.

85. Benjamin Franklin is famous for many things. Name one.

  • Founded the first free public libraries
  • First Postmaster General of the United States
  • Helped write the Declaration of Independence
  • Inventor
  • U.S. diplomat

86. George Washington is famous for many things. Name one.*

  • “Father of Our Country”
  • First president of the United States                                   
  • General of the Continental Army
  • President of the Constitutional Convention

87. Thomas Jefferson is famous for many things. Name one.

  • Writer of the Declaration of Independence                  
  • Third president of the United States
  • Doubled the size of the United States (Louisiana Purchase)                                  
  • First Secretary of State
  • Founded the University of Virginia
  • Writer of the Virginia Statute on Religious Freedom

88. James Madison is famous for many things. Name one.

  • “Father of the Constitution”                    
  • Fourth president of the United States
  • President during the War of 1812
  • One of the writers of the Federalist Papers

89. Alexander Hamilton is famous for many things. Name one.

  • First Secretary of the Treasury
  • One of the writers of the Federalist Papers
  • Helped establish the First Bank of the United States
  • Aide to General George Washington
  • Member of the Continental Congress

90. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

  • Louisiana Territory                          
  • Louisiana

91. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

  • War of 1812
  • Mexican-American War
  • Civil War
  • Spanish-American War

92. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

  • The Civil War

93. The Civil War had many important events. Name one.

  • (Battle of) Fort Sumter
  • Emancipation Proclamation
  • (Battle of) Vicksburg
  • (Battle of) Gettysburg
  • Sherman’s March
  • (Surrender at) Appomattox
  • (Battle of) Antietam/Sharpsburg
  • Lincoln was assassinated.

94. Abraham Lincoln is famous for many things. Name one.*

  • Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
  • Saved (or preserved) the Union
  • Led the United States during the Civil War
  • 16th president of the United States
  • Delivered the Gettysburg Address

95. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

  • Freed the slaves
  • Freed slaves in the Confederacy
  • Freed slaves in the Confederate states
  • Freed slaves in most Southern states

96. What U.S. war ended slavery?

  • The Civil War

97. What amendment gives citizenship to all persons born in the United States?

  • 14th Amendment

98. When did all men get the right to vote?

  • After the Civil War During Reconstruction (With the) 15th Amendment 1870

99. Name one leader of the women’s rights movement in the 1800s.

  • Susan B. Anthony
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Sojourner Truth
  • Harriet Tubman
  • Lucretia Mott
  • Lucy Stone

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